Voting and Counting Systems
There are many different voting and counting systems used in Australia. This site provides information about the systems used in New South Wales for State and local government elections.
Optional Preferential voting - where a voter indicates an order of preference for the candidates on the ballot paper.
Proportional representation - where a candidate is elected if they receive a set proportion of the vote.
First past the post - only used for referendums and polls, in NSW - votes are counted and the most votes wins, even if that number is less than 50% of the formal vote.